The district takes its own name from the head quarters town Hoshangabad which was founded by "SULTAN HUSHANG SHAH GORI", the second king of Mandu (Malwa) in ealry 15th century.

Hoshangabad district lies in the central Narmada Valley and on the northern fringe of the Satpura Plateau. It lies between the parallels of 22 degree 15 minute and 22 degree 44 minute east. In shape, it is an irregular strip elongated along the southern banks of Narmda river. Its greatest length from south-east to north-east is 160 kms.

RIVER/LAKE:In Hoshangabad district, there are two main rivers namely the  Narmada and the Tawa., which join each other at the village Bandra Bhan. In the spot, a holy mela also organise on the occassion of Kartik purnima. Other small rivers are the Dudhi and the Denwa.A very big lake is also at Pachmarhi, which is one of the main tourist place of the district and it is open for boating for all tourists.

BOUNDARIES: Northern boundary of the district is river Narmada. Across this the district of Raisen and Sehore lies. The district of Betul lies in the south, where as the Harda district faces with the western and south-western boundaries and Narsingpur and Chhindwara districts, close to the north-eastern and south-eastern sides of the district respectively.

CLIMATE: The climate of Hoshangabad district is normal. All the seasons come in the district. An average height from the sea level is 331 mts.and avearge rain fall is 134 cms. The average maximum and minimum temperatures are 32 deg.C and 19 deg.C respectively. Overall, the climate of the district is neither more hot nor more cool except the winter season of the Pachmarhi.

APPROACH ROAD/ RAIL: Hoshangabad is freely connected by road and rail from the state capital, Bhopal and it is about 70 kms. away from it. It is connected by rail with all major cities of the state. One of its tehsil namely Itarsi is linked with all major cities of the country due to main railway junction of the central railway, which is 18 kms. far away from the district head-quarter. From Itarsi, you can also move to Pachmarhi by road, which is one of the most popular tourist spot of the district.

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